Art is an inseparable part that seems to be tied to any individual’s life. Wherever you look, there is some manifestation of art. Nature has been always fully mixed with art and beautifully created its spectacular sceneries.
Calligraphy is known to be a sort of art that entered our world as a result of the advent of the script and altered it.
In fact, “Calligraphy” means the art of beautification in a manuscript. The word has Greek origin and consists of two parts “kallos” and “graphein” which mean beautiful and writing, respectively. The word calligraphy also refers to the word spelling.
Calligraphy dates back to more than 3,000 years ago. The birth of this art could coincide with the first ink spilled on parchment paper. Many believe that the first calligraphy started by the Chinese, and others say that the Romans were the inventors of this style of script.
However, everyone agrees that calligraphy was solely used in the mid-fifteenth century after the printing industry took place in Europe. Actually, during this period, a demarcation line was created between ordinary manuscripts and specific writing styles.
Dr. Olfat further explained:
What is calligraphy?
Calligraphy is a visual art related to the manuscript. Letters and words in calligraphy are artistically drawn on paper with flat pens or a brush. In other words, calligraphy is the art of writing letters and words in an expressive, harmonious, and professional way.
Modern calligraphy encompasses a wide range of script styles. This ranges from practical calligraphy to artistic designs in which words are sometimes illegible. Classical calligraphy is different from typography and non-classical manuscripts, but it can include both of them.
Calligraphy contains various styles, where each of them belongs to a specific region in the world. Here are some of the most popular calligraphy styles:
Western Calligraphy: In Western-style calligraphy, slopping lettering (by slope pen) is utilized to write words. The slope pen series varies depending on the desired script. The Carolingian, English, Italic, and Roman script are some of the types for which this style of calligraphy is used.
Islamic (Arabic) calligraphy: Islamic calligraphy, also known as Arabic calligraphy, is the most different type of its kind. This style of calligraphy, which is somehow resulted from Islamic art, creates a kind of spiritual figure in words. Muslims have used this sort of calligraphy to write the Qur’an. The most famous kind of this style is the Kufic and the Naskh script.
Oriental Calligraphy: Oriental calligraphy tools are known as the “Four Treasures for Learning”. These four treasures are brush, ink, paper, and inkpot. The variety of scripts in Oriental calligraphy depends on the type and size of the brush.
Kaishu is one of the traditional scripts used in oriental calligraphy, which has a very impressive beauty whilst being simple and legible. Oriental calligraphy extremely emphasizes the appearance of the letters, and this seems to make Oriental style alive.
Application of calligraphy
Utilizing calligraphy in daily life values your work and attracts more attention from people surrounding you. Calligraphy will make you look more professional and lead you to be more respected.