Long COVID announces its presence through symptoms that last longer than usual. The general recovery period of COVID 19 is 21-28 days.
Recent research analyzed de-identified health records obtained from electronic health records to study the instances of long COVID.
Up To 38% Of COVID 19 Patients To Suffer From Long COVID
The research revealed that over one-third of COVID 19 patients suffer from long COVID even after 3-6 months after being diagnosed with COVID 19.
The study also found out that the elderly, women, and those who experience severe illness in the first stage of a SARS-CoV-2 infection are prone to long COVID.
Almost all COVID 19-infected patients recover within 21-28 days after the start of its symptoms. But the symptoms last longer than the general recovery period of 28 days for certain people. The situation is referred to as long COVID in medical science.
Numerous studies have tried to understand the frequency and symptoms of long COVID. But all of them had one or the other limitation. Certain studies, for instance, used self-reported data for the purpose. They used phones or surveys built into apps.
The data available is sure to be biased because it is gathered by for-profit firms. Furthermore, the survey can only be taken from those who grant permission for the process.
Others used data collected from patients hospitalized when suffering from severe illness. This limits the scope of the research. All these studies did not have control groups.
A group of scientists from Oxford University used de-identified electronic records of 273,618 patients who survived COVID 19. The team wanted to assess the likelihood of long COVID during the six months after being diagnosed with the virus infection.
Symptoms that last long after an illness are a general feature of viral infections. To determine the specific features of long COVID, researchers compared the symptoms of COVID 19 symptoms with the ones of flu. They published their study in the PLOS Medicine journal.
According to them, one-third of COVID 19 patients suffer from long COVID. They experienced the symptoms even after six months of being diagnosed with the illness.
The study also observed that long COVID mostly affected the elderly, women, and those with severe symptoms during the first stage of COVID 19. It also revealed that the symptoms of long COVID were common among those infected with Coronavirus, not those suffering from flu.
The study, according to health officials, deserves the utmost importance. It showed that COVID 19 symptoms are seen mostly in those infected with the same virus. Scientists also discovered that serious post-illness complications happen mostly for COVID 19 patients than those with flu.
A large number of people may be suffering from long COVID. Many of them may not be receiving the proper diagnosis or treatment they require. The country needs to delve deep into the matter, they said.
There exists no consensus among scientists on the definition or when long COVID begins. For this reason, researchers utilized earlier studies and diagnoses to analyze symptoms of long COVID. The nine most common among them are:
- Muscle pain
- Difficulty to breathe
- Chest pain
- Other pains
- Cognitive issues
- Abdominal symptoms
The research revealed that almost 37% of COVID 19 patients suffered from one or the other symptom of long COVID after three months of being diagnosed with the infection.
They also found out that certain symptoms don’t appear during the first phase of the disease. These include anxiety, depression, and related difficulties. They generally appear during the long phase of the disease.
Symptoms like difficulty breathing generally appear during the first phase. In the same way, patients who had severe symptoms during the acute phase were prone to long COVID. The study, according to scientists is reliable since it used electronic records.