Regular physical activity alters iron metabolism in both the brain and the muscles, according to recent experimental research. The findings also contribute to a deeper understanding of exercise’s advantages in Alzheimer’s disease.
The research was published in the “Redox-Active Metals in Neurodegenerative Diseases: Therapeutic Implications” special edition of the International Journal of Molecular Sciences.
Alzheimer’s Disease And How Physical Exercise Modulates Iron
Although the underlying processes are unknown, dysregulation of brain iron metabolism and iron buildup has been linked to aging and Alzheimer’s disease. The production of hepcidin, the major iron regulating protein, is known to be influenced by iron load and inflammation.
It is important here to mention that as a content Iron proves vital for many organs including the brain and hence its improved level can lead to having better functions.
One can have it improved in the body with the help of regular exercises and effective sources that can lead to control the Alzheimer’s from moving ahead and restrict its speed of damaging the neurons said one of the team members of the research team. Hepcidin is the main content that plays an important role at this stage and affects brain health.
It is also known to influence brain-muscle crosstalk. Although regular physical activity has been shown to improve total body iron metabolism and reduce inflammation, the impact of regular exercise in maintaining iron homeostasis in the brain and in the setting of Alzheimer’s disease is unknown.
Regular physical activity affects iron storage and trafficking in both the brain and skeletal muscle, according to new research. Furthermore, this is the first study to show a decrease in cortical hepcidin in addition to frequent physical activity. The findings show that IL-6 is a critical hepcidin regulator in exercise-induced brain iron regulation.
These observations provide light on the advantages of exercise in Alzheimer’s disease and might lead to new ideas for disease treatment and prevention.
To investigate the effect of regular physical exercise on the regulation of iron homeostasis, the researcher utilized wild-type mice and 5xFAD transgenic mice, which simulate Alzheimer’s disease.
During the six-month trial, half of the mice got unrestricted access to a running wheel. The amounts of iron and iron-related proteins in the brain and skeletal muscle were investigated. The researchers also looked at the role of iron in the brain-periphery crosstalk that occurs during regular exercise.
This research is promising, and the same findings can be better used to understand the intricacies of Alzheimer’s this in turn helps us to better understand the treatment and can even provide a cure for the same.
While talking about physical exercise, people having Alzheimer’s might find it difficult to go through with complex workout routines.
Since Alzheimer’s is mostly seen in elderly people, we should also understand that they cannot strain themselves completely in this process as well.
Because of the age difference, their body might take a longer amount of time to recover and in this process, they might end up taking more recovery breaks than the actual number of days they exercised.
The best-suggested exercise is walking, it might seem like a simple workout, but walking has many different advantages. Walking not only helps to modulate iron metabolism in the brain but also exercises the hip, leg, and muscles and helps to stay fit.
Activities like running, skipping, weightlifting should be ignored by the elderly, but the young can go all out on these exercises.
These exercises also help to improve hand-eye coordination, increase stamina, regulates mental health with improving physical health. Physical exercise is always good, but it should be noted that too much of anything can cause negative repercussions.